The scoring in Bocce is very simple – in fact, there’s only one way to score. It’s by getting closest to the small ball, the pallino. All games of bocce, and all frames within the game start the same way, by throwing the little ball, the pallino.
The winner of each frame also throws the pallino to start each new frame, whether you play singles or two-man teams. The team that throws the pallino then throws first, trying to get its ball as close to the pallino as possible. This is called a punto throw, punto being the Italian word for point.
The other team always rolls second, trying to get closer to the pallino to take the point. If team 2 fails to get closer, they must continue to roll until they get closer to the pallino. When all 8 balls are rolled, the team with their ball closest to the pallino scores a point. If that team has multiple balls inside the other team’s closest ball, they receive that many points. For example, the red team has the two closest balls to the pallino. The green team has the 3rd closest ball. In this case, the red team scores two points.
The ultimate, which is very rare, is a 4-point frame, where all 4 of a team’s balls are closer to the pallino than the other team’s closest ball.